A child’s pet dog can protect him from Crohn’s disease

News Photo: A child's pet dog can protect him from Crohn's disease

TUESDAY, May 24, 2022 (HealthDay News)

Add a lower risk of Crohn’s disease to the many benefits of having a dog during childhood, according to a new study.

Sorry, cat friends, researchers couldn’t find a similar benefit for you.

“We haven’t seen the same results with cats, although we’re still trying to figure out why,” said lead author Williams Turpin, a research associate at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto and the University of Toronto.

“This could potentially be due to dog owners going outside with their pets more often or living in areas with more green space, which has already been shown to be protective against Crohn’s disease,” he said. he declared.

Researchers have also found that growing up in a large family can reduce future chances of developing this common type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

They analyzed data from nearly 4,300 parents, siblings or children of people with Crohns registered at the Crohn’s and Colitis Canada Genetic, Environmental and Microbial Project.

Researchers focused on exposure to multiple environmental factors factors — family size, pet dogs or cats, number of bathrooms in home, living on a farm, drinking unpasteurized milk, and drinking well water — and age at time of exposure .

Exposure to dogs – particularly when children are between 5 and 15 years old – was associated with a healthy balance of microbes in the gut and the body’s immune response, which may help protect against Crohn’s disease.

The researchers also found that living with three or more family members in the first year of life was associated with a healthier gut bacteria population later on. The gut microbiome is thought to influence a number of health conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

The results were presented Monday at a meeting of the American Gastroenterological Association, in San Diego and online. Research presented at meetings is generally considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

“Our study appears to add to others that have explored the ‘hygiene hypothesis’, which suggests that lack of exposure to microbes early in life may lead to a lack of immune regulation towards environmental microbes. “, said Turpin in a press release.

Crohn’s disease affects approximately 500,000 people in the United States and causes symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain and weight loss. It most often develops in young adults, smokers, and those who have a close family member with irritable bowel disease.

Treatments aim to prevent flare-ups through diet changes, medications, and surgery.

More information

To learn more about Crohn’s disease, go to Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation.

SOURCE: American Association of Gastroenterology, press release, May 23, 2022

By Robert Preidt Health Day Journalist

Medical news
Copyright © 2021 Health Day. All rights reserved.


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