Washington said, Friday, March 12, 2021, that the United States and Iran began indirect diplomatic contacts through Europeans and others, and that messages were exchanged between the two parties about how to resume compliance with the 2015 nuclear agreement.
This came on the words of White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan to reporters, Friday, where he said: “Diplomacy with Iran continues at the present time, but not in a direct way.”
He also added, “There are communication channels through the Europeans and others. We have been able to explain to the Iranians our position regarding the approach of commitment versus compliance with the agreement, and to listen to their position (them too).”
The new administration of US President Joe Biden refused to give Tehran unilateral incentives to start talks, but stressed the possibility that the two sides would take reciprocal steps to resume the implementation of the agreement, an approach that Washington describes as “mutual compliance”, while Tehran calls on Washington to lift its economic sanctions first. .
“At this point we are waiting to hear more from the Iranians about how they want to move forward. It will not be easy, but we believe that we are now going through a diplomatic process, and that we can move forward, and ultimately ensure that our goal is achieved,” Sullivan said. We prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon through diplomacy. “
It is noteworthy that Iran began violating the nuclear agreement in 2019, about a year after the previous administration of US President Donald Trump withdrew from it and re-imposed economic sanctions, while accelerating the pace of its violation of the agreement in recent months.
Encouraging signals between the two parties
And in the past few days, Iran has given Encouraging signs On the resumption of nuclear diplomacy and the start of informal talks, Reuters reported last week, citing a French diplomat.
This came in conjunction with a European decision to cancel a US draft resolution criticizing Tehran, as diplomats said that Britain, France and Germany canceled the submission of a draft resolution supported by the United States criticizing Iran, due to its reduced cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
As he said Three diplomats They are closely following the activities of the IAEA. The three European countries canceled their plans to submit the draft resolution.
A diplomat from a country in the council was skeptical about the proposed decision, said: “The voice of reason has begun to prevail.” Other countries expressed concern that a decision would undermine attempts to salvage the nuclear deal.
The European draft resolution, which was circulated earlier this week, expressed “deep concern” about Tehran’s failure to explain the discovery of uranium particles in three ancient sites, including two sites that the agency had talked about for the first time last week.
A diplomat said that would be the subject of technical consultations, and if Iran’s cooperation was insufficient, the draft resolution could be presented at the next quarterly meeting of the IAEA board, in June.
While the United States informed the Board of the International Atomic Energy Agency, that Iran had an opportunity to address the concerns of the United Nations agency about uranium particles found in old undeclared sites, and that Washington will monitor the situation closely.
The US statement to the council came shortly after diplomats announced the cancellation of plans to pass a resolution critical of Tehran. “Iran has now got another opportunity from the Director General (of the agency) to show the necessary cooperation before the next meeting of the agency’s board of governors,” the statement said.
He added, “The United States, like all members of the agency’s board of governors, will assess our views on the council’s next steps, according to whether Iran will take the opportunity before it to address the IAEA’s concerns definitively and reliably.”