Hiccups are frequent, uncontrollable contractions of the diaphragm muscle, which is the muscle just below your lungs and marks the border between your chest and abdomen.
Your diaphragm regulates breathing, and when it contracts, your lungs take in oxygen. When the diaphragm relaxes, your lungs release carbon dioxide. Constriction of the diaphragm outside of the rhythm may cause hiccups, as each diaphragm spasm causes the larynx and vocal cords to close suddenly. This results in a sudden rush of air into the lungs and your body reacts to it in the form of inhalations, creating the characteristic sound of hiccups.
Almost everyone suffers from hiccups at one point or another. Although hiccups usually go away on their own within a few minutes, they can be bothersome and interfere with eating and talking.
People have come up with an endless list of tricks to get rid of it, from breathing in a paper bag to eating a spoonful of sugar. But what treatments actually work? Read on to learn about the most popular and effective ways to get rid of hiccups.
Common causes of hiccups
- Eating too much or too quickly
- Carbonated drinks
- spicy food
- Exposure to stress
- Drinking alcohol
- Exposure to rapid changes in temperature
Ways to get rid of hiccups
These tips are intended for short hiccups. If you suffer from Chronic hiccups That lasts for more than 48 hours, talk to your doctor. This could be a sign of a health condition that requires treatment.
Breathing and postural techniques
Sometimes, a simple change in your breathing or posture can relax your diaphragm, as reported on http://www.hp.com/go/learnaboutsupplies Web MD:
1. Practice breathing through slow, measured breathing. Breathe in, count to five, and exhale, count to five.
2. Hold your breath. Inhale a large amount of air and hold for 10 to 20 seconds, then slowly exhale. Repeat the exercise as necessary.
3. Breathe in a paper bag. Place a paper lunch bag over your mouth and nose. Inhale and exhale slowly, and empty and inflate the sachet. Never use a plastic bag.
4. Hug your knees. Sit in a comfortable place, bring your knees to your chest, and stay like that for two minutes.
5. Press on your chest. Lean or lean forward to press your chest, which puts pressure on your diaphragm.
6. Use the Valsalva maneuver. To do this, try to exhale while holding your nose and keeping your mouth closed.
According to the site GreatistPressure points are areas of your body that are particularly sensitive to pressure. Pressing these points with your hands may relax the diaphragm or stimulate the vagus nerves or diaphragms.
7. Pull your tongue out. Stretching your tongue stimulates the nerves and muscles in your throat. Grasp the tip of your tongue and gently pull it forward, once or twice.
8. Press on the diaphragm. The diaphragm separates your abdomen from your lungs. Use your hand to apply pressure to the area just below the end of the cage bone.
9. Press and close your nose while swallowing the water.
10. Squeeze your palm. Use your thumb to press the palm of your other hand.
11. Carotid artery massage. You have a carotid artery on either side of your neck. It is what you feel when you check your pulse by touching your neck. Lie down, turn your head to the left, and massage the artery on the right side in a circular motion for 5 to 10 seconds.
Things you may drink or eat
According to the site Medical News Today Eating certain things or changing the way you drink may also help stimulate the vagus nerves or the diaphragm.
12. Drink ice water, which may help slowly stimulate the vagus nerve.
13. Drink a glass of warm water slowly without stopping breathing.
14. Drink water through a rag or paper towel. Cover a cup of cold water with a cloth or paper towel and drink from it.
15. Suck on an ice cube. Suck on the ice cube for a few minutes, then swallow it once it has reduced to a reasonable size.
16. Gargle with ice water. Gargle with ice water for 30 seconds.
17. Eat a spoonful of honey or peanut butter, and let it dissolve in your mouth a little before swallowing.
18. Put a little sugar on your tongue and leave it for 5 to 10 seconds, then swallow it.
19. Suck on a lemon and rinse your mouth with water to protect your teeth from the citric acid.
20. Put a drop of vinegar on your tongue.
When to see a doctor?
Most cases of hiccups go away within a few minutes or hours. If you suffer from Hiccups Regularly or hiccups that last more than two days, talk to your doctor. Hiccups can be a sign of an underlying health condition, such as:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)