If you have had bouts of coughing and sneezing a lot recently, then you probably suffer like millions of people around the world from seasonal allergies, or what is known as hay fever or pollen allergy.
This type of allergy occurs in the Arab region during the spring and summer period due to the flying of pollen grains of some types of flowers and plants in the air, and it causes a person to have unpleasant symptoms when inhaled, such as a runny nose, shortness of breath, headache, cough, and eye inflammation.
A study revealed about Allergy in the Middle East (AIME), That the spread of nasal allergies does not only cause fatigue and inconvenience, but may affect the normal lives of the sufferers and impede their ability to perform their daily tasks due to the difficulty of its symptoms and the consequences of its side-treatment drugs.
How does seasonal allergies occur?
Site illustrates WebMD The medical doctor said that seasonal allergies occur when the immune system mistakenly interprets pollen as a danger to the human body, and begins to release antibodies thickly. This releases chemicals called histamine into the blood, which in turn causes a runny nose, itchy eyes, and other symptoms nearby.
The plants produce a fine powder called pollen that is light enough to travel with air currents. And it’s the way these plants grow and reproduce, and it also makes us allergic. Climatic conditions, such as wind waves that are famous for the Arab region and the Gulf, increase the factors of spread of these grains, and thus the infection rates rise.
And in some periods during the spring and summer seasons, it can arrive Pollen numbers In one cubic meter, there are more than 1000 tablets, and it is sufficient for you to inhale 5 pills only to develop symptoms of seasonal allergy.
Among the most prominent trees that cause allergies to vaccines are beech, cypress, elm, walnut, juniper, maple, raspberry, oak, olive, palm, pine, sycamore and willow trees, in addition to weeds and herbs.
The relationship of seasonal allergies to depression
Scientific studies have revealed an association between a person’s exposure to seasonal allergies and clinical depression. Says a clinical neurophysiologist Paul Marshall for WebMD: “Allergic diseases are not directly and clearly related to depression, but we can say that frequent exposure to allergies makes a person more susceptible to depression.”
According to For an American study Conducted in 2017, it turns out that allergy sufferers are twice as likely to have depression than the average non-allergic person.
Adults with a pollen allergy were twice as likely to develop major depression during the 12 months following infection. Children who contracted hay fever at the age of 5 or 6 years of age also had an increased risk of major depression during the next 17 years of their lives.
Treatments and their side effects
If it is not possible to consult a specialist, seasonal allergies can be treated by purchasing over-the-counter medicines directly from pharmacies.
It includes this type of medicine Antihistamines That eliminates bouts of sneezing, coughing and burning eyes by reducing the amount of this compound that is secreted by the immune system in the body.
But beware, as allergy medications are known for their negative side effects that affect the patient’s activity and consciousness, as they can cause drowsiness and dizziness, and also affect mood, vitality, and the ability to perform physical and mental exertion.
Tips for avoiding seasonal allergies
Publish a site WebMD There are a number of steps that must be taken to avoid exposure to seasonal allergies, including:
1- Monitoring the weather: local weather reports must be reviewed to avoid outdoor activities as much as possible or to be optimally prepared for going out by wearing sunglasses, masks and hair covers.
Pollen numbers are greatest when the weather is warm, dry or windy, and they are lower when the weather is cold, rainy or humid.
2- Avoid exposure to pollen: Instead of opening windows in homes and cars, it is advisable to turn on air conditioners if available, or avoid natural air currents in general.
3- Not to dry clothes outside, because they are able to carry pollen and take them indoors.
4- Change of clothes: If time is spent outside, it is advised to change clothes, take a shower and wash hair before sitting on sofas and chairs, or go to bed to prevent its transfer to these furnishings and inhale them later.