Liuhe Pagoda or Tower of Six Harmonies is a large multi-story pagoda located in the south of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Located on the Qiantang River at the foot of Yuelun Hill, the pagoda was built in 970 AD during the Northern Song Dynasty but destroyed in a war. It was then rebuilt and ruined several times. The current wood and brick structure dates from 1152.
Being one of the impressive masterpieces of ancient Chinese architecture, Liuhe Pagoda attracts thousands of tourists every year. The 196.5-foot-high pagoda has 13 floors on the outside and 7 on the inside. The six harmonies refer to the 6 directions (heaven, earth, east, west, north and south) as well as the six rules of Buddhism. A luminous lamp installed at the top can also serve as a beacon.
The pagoda was originally built by the ruler of Wuyue State (now part of Zhejiang Province). It is also believed that one of the reasons for building Liuhe Pagoda is to calm the tidal waters of the Qiantang River and become a navigation aid. During the night, lanterns were lit almost everywhere in the pagoda so that boats and ships on the Qiantang River could see the building and use it as a navigation tower. You can also see 104 large iron bells hanging from its flying eaves, as this was done to ward off the harmful spirits responsible for the high tides that had caused so much flooding before the dikes were finally built.
Each story of the pagoda consists of 4 elements; interior walls, exterior walls, a zigzag hallway and a small bedroom. This octagonal tower also has a spiral staircase that leads to the top floor. Each of its seven ceilings is carved with painted figures such as birds, flowers, animals and figures. When the pagoda is viewed from the outside, it may appear to be layered shiny on the top surface but dark below. It is a harmonious alternation of light and shadow.
If you climb to the top of the pagoda, you can see a beautiful and awe-inspiring view of the Qiantang River Bridge spanning the rising tides of the Qiantang River. There is also an exhibition center near the pagoda which displays many details of other important ancient pagodas in China, including all the information about their architectural style. This gallery is also known as the pagoda park.