Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune pledged, Friday, March 19, 2021, to continue efforts to clarify the fate of the missing in the Algerian war of liberation against France (1954-1962), and to compensate the victims of the French nuclear tests that were carried out in the 1960s.
This came in a message to the president on the occasion of the 59th anniversary of the Victory Day celebrations, read by the Secretary-General of the Ministry of Mujahideen and Rights-People, for Eid Rabiqa, in which Tebboune said: “The follow-up continues to clarify the fate of the missing during our liberation war and compensate the victims of nuclear tests.”
In this regard, the President considered that “events and facts do not fall out of the history of nations by statute of limitations. Rather, integrity requires that will and honesty prevail over other pressing considerations,” according to what was reported by the French News Agency.
according to Algeria 2,200 people were lost during the war of independence from French colonialism, and Europeans were reported missing during the conflict, and the Algerian authorities are seeking to put the French nuclear test file in the Algerian Sahara again on the table for discussion.
France, which colonized Algeria from 1830 to 1962, had conducted a total of 17 nuclear tests in the Algerian desert between 1960 and 1966, of which 11 were conducted underground, after the signing of the Evian Accords in 1962, according to which Algeria gained independence .
However, these agreements included a clause allowing France to use sites in the Sahara until 1967, and in the February issue of the Army Magazine of the Ministry of Defense, a high-ranking Algerian military official said that France handing over maps of the “nuclear waste” site is a right that Algeria strongly demands, ” Without forgetting the issue of compensation for the Algerian victims of experiments. “
Practical steps from France
With the approaching date of the sixtieth anniversary of Algeria’s independence (July 5, 1962), the French president took action Emmanuel Macron A series of “symbolic steps” in the context of “reconciliation of memory” between the two countries.
Last July, France returned to Algeria the skulls of 24 Algerians, who were killed by French colonialism at the beginning of the Algerian invasion at the beginning of the nineteenth century.
Macron also admitted “in the name of France” that the Algerian lawyer and national leader Ali Boumendjel “was tortured and killed” by the French army during the Algerian war in 1957, and he did not commit suicide according to what the French version was at the time, to cover up the crime.
Moreover, the French President decided to facilitate access to the contents of the secret archives that are more than 50 years old, especially those related to the Algerian war.
These steps, taken by Macron, are part of the recommendations made by historian Benjamin Stora in a report he delivered last January to the French president, with the aim of “reconciling the two memories.”
In his message on Friday, the Algerian president welcomed “positive signs, especially with regard to recovering the archives and recovering the skulls of symbols from the leaders of the popular resistance,” and stressed the insistence that “preserving history and memory remains at the core of our priorities,” stressing “the state’s responsibility to carry out this file.” “.
However, during a forum organized yesterday, the Director General of the Algerian National Archives and the advisor to the President in charge of memory, Abdel Majid Cheikhi, called on researchers and historians to move away from “the French school of historical research, by adopting a real analysis that leads to the disclosure of facts,” according to the official Algerian News Agency. .