On Friday, March 12, 2021, the US Federal Communications Commission classified Huawei among the Chinese telecommunications equipment companies that are considered a threat to national security, and imposed restrictions on the import of their products, in a move that dashed hopes for a shift in Washington’s position towards Chinese technology companies with the arrival of Joe Biden to Presidency of the Authority.
According to the agency French news, The authority considered Huawei to pose an “unacceptable risk” to national security, such as ZTE, Hytera Communications, Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology, and Dahua Technology.
In a statement, Jessica Rosenworsel, who has been chairing the agency temporarily since Joe Biden took office in January, said, “Americans are relying more than ever on our networks for work, school, or health care. We have confidence in secure and secure communications. “
She added that at a time when new networks are being built all over the country, “this regulation provides meaningful guidance,” which would ensure that “mistakes of the past are not repeated and the use of equipment or services that would pose a threat to the national security of the United States or the security of Americans.” And their safety. “
Restrictions imposed on Huawei
President Joe Biden’s administration has advised companies that supply products to the Chinese company “Huawei Technologies” as well to place more stringent conditions on export licenses that were approved earlier.
Sources said that the new conditions include a ban on exporting products that can be used in devices for fifth-generation communications networks, which will come into effect as of this week.
The new terms impose a clearer ban on the export of components to “Huawei”, such as semiconductors, antennas and batteries for 5G network devices.
The mysterious Huawei identity
Huawei has become a giant company that spans the whole world, as it is present in 170 countries and employs 194 thousand people, but it is at the heart of an American-Chinese conflict whose background is a trade and technical war and suspicions of espionage.
Huawei is a model of the ambiguity surrounding the issue of Chinese company ownership and its relationship with the government.
Huawei’s ownership is ambiguous, because the company has never sold shares to the public for more than three decades of its existence, according to a report by The New York Times, while the company says it is wholly owned by its employees and does not own any outside organizations – including Any organization affiliated with the Chinese government – stocks, which not many people believe.
The matter is repeated with many Chinese companies, which on paper seem to have no relationship with the Chinese government.
It is noteworthy that this decision is in line with the decisions taken by the Donald Trump administration to fight Chinese technology companies, as it has previously included the Chinese Huawei Telecom Group on a US blacklist, which deprives it from entering the US market, and from obtaining important American technologies and components for its phones, and it is also pressing Washington on the Europeans to get them to exclude Huawei from the fifth generation internet in the future.
For his part, Huawei founder and president Ren Changfei expressed his disappointment, who had called in February for the Biden administration to adopt a “policy of openness.” He had also stressed that his group was able to “continue” despite US sanctions.
Dealing with Iran
she was Internal documents The Chinese company “Huawei Technologies” revealed, in June, last year, that it had violated US sanctions on Iran, and that it had sold prohibited US computer equipment.
Huawei has long described the company, named Skycom Tech Ltd., as a separate local partner in Iran, but documents obtained by Reuters confirmed that the Chinese giant has de facto control of Skycom.
Washington accuses Huawei of participating in a scheme based on fraud to obtain American goods and technology prohibited for Huawei’s activity in Iran, through Skycom, and transferring money from Iran, by defrauding a major bank.
Huawei and Meng deny the criminal charges, which include bank fraud and other charges. In 2017, Skycom, which was registered in Hong Kong, was dissolved and was also charged. Disclosure data show that Huawei was at one point a shareholder in Skycom, but it sold its stake more than 10 years ago.