In the presence of representatives of the international community, the head of the new Libyan government, Abd al-Hamid al-Dabaiba, and members of his government took the constitutional oath, Monday, March 15, 2021, before the House of Representatives in the coastal city of Tobruk (east), about a month after his appointment in The framework of a political process sponsored by the United Nations to end the 10-year-old Libyan crisis.
Earlier Monday, the government was sworn in in the Supreme Court in Tripoli before they headed to Tobruk.
The oath was initially scheduled to be taken in the city of Benghazi, the cradle of the Libyan revolution, before it was announced to be transferred to Tobruk for “logistical” considerations.
Meanwhile, a member of the House of Representatives from Misrata, Muhammad Al-Ra’idh, said that “the number of deputies exceeded one hundred,” noting that “a number of ambassadors of European and Arab countries to Libya were among those present in Tobruk.”
It is noteworthy that the number of members of the House of Representatives in both parts of Tobruk and Tripoli exceeds 170 parliamentarians, but the number cannot be determined precisely due to the deaths and individual resignations.
Expanded international presence
The session also witnessed an expanded international presence, in the presence of an envoy from the United Nations and the European Union, and ambassadors from a number of countries such as the American, British, French, Turkish, Tunisian, Moroccan and Algerian ambassador, in addition to a number of ambassadors who participated through the zoom technique.
Mohamed Hammouda, the spokesman for the new government, had stated that the national unity government would formally assume its duties tomorrow, Tuesday, pointing out that the handover ceremony will take place at the Prime Minister’s headquarters in the capital, Tripoli (west), and the current President of the Presidency Council of the Government of National Accord, Fayez al-Sarraj, and his deputies will attend .
In turn, sources in the media office of the new president of the Presidential Council, who asked not to be identified, said that the exile will assume his duties during the same ceremony in which the government will assume its duties.
It is noteworthy that the Forum for Political Dialogue, under the auspices of the United Nations, had elected on February 5, 2021, a unified executive authority, which includes a government and a presidential council, to lead the country to parliamentary and presidential elections at the end of this year.
It should be noted that the Dabaiba government includes two deputy prime ministers, 26 ministers, and six state ministers, as it represents all Libyans. Five ministries, including two sovereign ministries, Foreign Affairs and Justice, have been assigned to women, in a precedent setting in this country of 7 million people.
The Libyan envoys, the 75 envoys selected by the United Nations to participate in the talks, had set the government as a commitment that 30% of the top positions would go to women, including senior ministerial posts.
In reality, however, women only occupy 15% of the positions in the new government, but the percentage will increase when deputy ministers are appointed, according to official statements.
It is noteworthy that the Libyan Parliament had granted confidence to the government headed by Abdul Hamid al-Dabaiba, during the session that was held in Sirte, Wednesday, March 10, with the support of 132 votes out of 133 who attended the voting session.
Met Neal Dabaiba government The confidence of the Libyan House of Representatives is widely welcomed by Arab and foreign countries, as well as by international organizations, which declared their hope that this step would be the first sign of unifying the country and a reason for the exit of all foreign fighters and mercenaries.
While the oil-rich country has prevailed, since October 23, 2020, a ceasefire, sponsored by the United Nations, has been violated by Haftar’s militias from time to time.