Corona virus is a global epidemic that will not end unless vaccines are provided to all countries of the world, rich and poor, and the question posed in light of America’s move to catch up with vaccine diplomacy is: Is America able to vaccinate the world, and why should it do so?
Monitor a report for a journal Foreign Affairs The American administration answered these questions, and concluded that the administration of US President Joe Biden should seek to follow the “everyone in the same boat” approach that he announced at home regarding the epidemic, as his administration should focus less on the strategic advantage in vaccine diplomacy than Its focus is on vaccinating the largest number of people around the world in the shortest period of time. Thus, the United States will focus on the common denominator among the peoples of the world – which is the susceptibility to infection with this virus and many other viruses – regardless of the nature of their governments.
A virtual quadripartite summit was held on Friday, March 19, during which the leaders of the United States, India, Japan and Australia announced that they would cooperate to provide one billion vaccine doses in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, in direct confrontation with China’s leadership in distributing vaccines in the region. The agreement combines Indian manufacturing with US, Japanese and Australian financing, logistics and technical assistance to help immunize hundreds of millions of people by the end of 2022.
And it was in the headlines earlier this week that the administration of US President Joe Biden was preparing to catch up Global Vaccine DiplomacyThe administration also took another step in this direction, as it was leaked to reporters that it would loan four million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine to Mexico and Canada.
Is America late in vaccine diplomacy?
These initiatives did not come too late. In addressing the worst global crisis, the United States has so far been in a state of pre-eminence, while Russia and China have marketed and distributed their vaccines to foreign countries, to a large extent to promote foreign policy goals, and Russia is using the vaccine to enhance its image and investment prospects ahead of it and drive a wedge between the European Union countries. China donates vaccine doses to gain influence in regional conflicts and expand its influence under the Belt and Road Initiative, and both Moscow and Beijing have moved to undermine the United States in its backyard by providing vaccines to Latin America.
The Biden administration is right to want to take the lead in vaccinating the world, for a host of reasons, both related to Self-interest and altruism As well. But the United States should not fall into the trap of trying to outwit Russia and China in their own game – distributing vaccines to specific countries based on their geostrategic importance and the amount of attention they receive from the competing powers.
States succeeded in mobilizing their own and international resources to respond to regional crises in the past. In 2003, President George W. Bush launched the Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, which was the largest global health program focused on a single disease in history. The program, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), brought together US agencies, private companies and local civil society groups to help sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia control the AIDS crisis and save millions of lives.
In 2004, a tsunami in the Indian Ocean caused the death of more than 220,000 people, in addition to billions of dollars in damage. For its part, the United States led similarly urgent and comprehensive humanitarian relief efforts to save the victims, accelerated reconstruction, and always made goodwill in the south and southeast Asia.
Biden could improve the Bush precedent by going global, and he has already taken steps toward doing so. Under former President Donald Trump, the United States refused to participate in the Kovacs Initiative, an international partnership that aims to provide a global COVID-19 vaccine. The Biden administration immediately reversed this position and contributed $ 4 billion, making the United States the largest donor. However, even if the Kovacs initiative achieves the ambitious goal of providing two billion doses of vaccines to the developing country by the end of 2021, it will be able to vaccinate only 20% of the population of those countries.
Corona epidemic is a global enemy
Imagine what would happen if Washington treated Covid-19 as the equivalent of an enemy in a global war or as a global version of regional epidemics such as AIDS and Ebola in past years. Imagine, in other words, what mass mobilization would look like if the United States treated the COVID-19 pandemic as a global threat as it really is.
Washington will lead a multilateral, community-wide effort to help Kovacs Initiative In vaccinating the world. The US government will revitalize the military and call on allies in the Group of Seven and NATO to launch major assistance that speeds up the flow of vaccine supplies and bolsters their delivery systems. The government will also use the State Department, USAID, the Centers for Epidemic Control and Prevention, and other civilian agencies and development programs, to assist countries with their national vaccination programs. Companies, non-profits and civil society organizations will be employed to help increase vaccine production, increase funding, and provide technical assistance to foreign counterparts.
And the US government should do just such an effort right now: a comprehensive response to a global vaccination campaign. Such a campaign will promote Economic and security interests Of the United States and reinvigorating U.S. global leadership after years of decline. Instead of perpetuating the diplomacy of vaccine-based friendship between China and Russia, the US-led vaccine effort could energize a new multilateralism that is more inclusive and more realistic than the international order of the twentieth century and more adapted to deal with global threats in the twenty-first century. It’s good for Washington to remember that if Covid-19 returns, authoritarian governments will be able to isolate their people faster and more effectively, so even in terms of competition, the United States’ best bet is really to eliminate the virus globally.
The United States has a critical opportunity to demonstrate that democracy can work, and that American ideals are truly universal. By offering a model of global cooperation that relies on a much broader range of resources than any government can provide, the United States can lead a vaccine effort that builds on the strengths of an open and plural American society. President Biden will unequivocally demonstrate that the United States is not only returning to where it is, but looking and leading the world forward.
The Covid-19 pandemic is the largest large-scale humanitarian and economic disaster in the modern era, and its toll is much greater than natural disasters, and even more widespread, and more than 2.8 million people have died due to the virus, although this is certainly less than the real number. According to the World Bank, the pandemic pushed up to 124 million people into extreme poverty in 2020, the first year of an increase in the number of people living in extreme poverty in two decades. The Economist estimates that two years of the pandemic will cost the world $ 10.3 trillion – which the World Bank says is twice the depth of the Great Depression. Ultimately, the only way to stop this collapse is through universal vaccination.
Will America just save itself?
The American administration’s plan is based on transferring $ 1.9 trillion to various sectors of the economy, and the comprehensive efforts will have the largest and fastest impact on combating the pandemic, and this effect will be in the self-interest of the United States.
The United States has a lot to gain from the rapid recovery of the global economy. A study from the Eurasia Group estimated that vaccinating low- and middle-income countries would generate at least $ 153 billion for the United States and nine other advanced economies in 2021, and up to $ 466 billion by 2025. Even if the United States vaccinated their entire population, the Its economic recovery will continue as long as its trading partners do not have full access to a vaccine while the pandemic continues.
As Biden said, “We will never be safe until the world is safe.” Moreover, today’s pandemic will not be the last. The partnerships and the public health infrastructure you build United State Inoculating the world with this virus, you will also defend it against the deadly pathogens or the following health threats. Protecting a nation from disease cannot be separated from protecting the whole world.
In 2018, the United States released a National Biodefense Strategy, and this strategy appeared to acknowledge this interdependence. The strategy called for the development of an agreement and partnerships to assist foreign countries in preparing and responding to biological incidents. This cooperation not only prevents emerging threats, but also contributes to a spirit of openness that can bear fruit in profound ways. There was no such opening between China and the United States when the new Corona virus emerged in 2019.