What would happen if the Earth stopped rotating? It may seem unattainable, but if we assume that some physical force or even aliens managed to stop it, what will happen to it and to whom?
The planet’s rotation underpins some of the most basic physical processes on Earth. In fact, we probably wouldn’t be alive if it were Earth A fixed planet.
If the Earth stopped rotating all at once, it would be extremely disastrous for most of the planet’s surface.
Although we do not feel the movement of the Earth, we all move with the planet as it rotates; At the equator, the speed is about 1610 km per hour.
What if the earth stopped rotating?
So, if the planet suddenly stopped, everything on Earth would fly east. To zoom in, imagine The car stops That you are driving quickly, suddenly and without any preludes, what will happen to those inside?
So, you can simply imagine people, homes, buildings, trees, and rocks being fired sideways at hundreds of kilometers per hour.
In the wake of this, high-speed winds, still spinning at roughly the same speed as the planet, will roam the surface and continue on what remains of it.
If the downtime occurs gradually and slowly, the effects will still be dramatic, but will unfold over a longer period of time.
Night and day
The first thing we might notice is that the sun no longer travels across the sky throughout the day.
The apparent motion of the sun comes from the rotation of the earth, so if the planet were stationary, it would cause it to last one day for half a year (although we would see a long night in the opposite direction).
Without the 24-hour clock we are used to, the circadian rhythms will completely disappear.
The rhythmic cellular processes that tell our bodies when to sleep and when to wake up depend in part on the regular changes in sunlight.
Many organisms on Earth, from bees to trees, depend on circadian rhythms to survive.
Changing these cycles could reverse normal patterns of behavior, Magazine predicts Discover.
The patterns of the atmosphere on Earth are also related to the planet’s rotation, and if the planet stops rotating, it will dramatically change the way the air currents move (once the winds of 1,600 km per hour subside).
The wind patterns we see today play an important role in increasing precipitation and temperatures around the world.
Any changes in air currents could cause deserts where forests are currently found to thrive, or frozen tundra to become habitable.
And because global warming offers a somewhat similar scenario in terms of changing climatic conditions, albeit on a much smaller scale, we can imagine the catastrophic consequences for organisms that depend on certain environments and struggle to survive under climate change.
The end of the hurricanes
The lack of Earth’s rotation also means the end of hurricanes, as massive spinning storms are created by the Coriolis forces resulting from the planet’s rotation.
The winds in the low pressure region of a growing storm are drawn counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere, resulting in the spiral lines and a central eye defining the hurricane.
This process is one of the reasons why storms grow strong, so ruling them out could be one of the rare benefits of stopping the planet’s rotation.
the magnetic field
But an unmoving planet also likely means the end of the magnetic field.
Although scientists are still not sure about the exact mechanisms of the magnetic field, they explain its existence due to the movements of the Earth’s liquid metal core.
Scientists call this a dynamo, and the end result is a network of invisible magnetic field lines arcing around the planet.
Hence, the effects of losing this field would be much worse than just being unable to navigate with a compass.
Earth’s magnetic field protects us from cosmic rays and electromagnetic storms from the sun, among other things.
It is definitely something that the planet Earth needs.
If the Earth’s motion slows down over several years, and without the centrifugal force, the oceans will move toward the poles, causing the ocean’s depth to drop by 8 kilometers around the equator.
And since this depth is less than the depth of the ocean there, the Earth’s water will be divided into two large polar oceans separated by a belt of land in the middle.
Everything northern Spain will be underwater, and so will the entire Antarctica, according to what was published by the site Science Focus.
Planets of the eternal day
There are not yet any planets that do not rotate at all, or at least according to what scientists have found.
The processes that form planets and other celestial bodies naturally rotate, which means that all worlds revolve from the start.
But there are some planets that do not appear to rotate, which is what astronomers refer to as tidal locking.
These are worlds that show the same face to their star at all times, resulting in permanent sides either day or night.
Gravitational interactions between planets and their stars gradually slow down the planet’s rate of rotation until it perfectly matches the orbital period.
The moon is a good example of closed tides, so we only see one side of it, regardless of its position in the sky or the stage it passes through, because it is closed to the earth.
The same situation will likely occur on many exoplanets, especially those near their stars where gravity is strongest.
Although these planets may appear to be extreme places – icy on one side and very hot on the other – some scientists have suggested that life might find a way to it even in the harshest of environments.
Some astronomers believe that life may thrive on these fixed planets, specifically in the twilight region, that is, near the place where day turns into night.
Others have also theorized that the rotation of the atmosphere might keep some worlds at constant temperature if enough heat could be efficiently spread around the planet.
However, scientists do not expect the Earth to stop rotating, and although the rotation of our planet is slowing very slightly (the length of the day increases by about 1.7 milliseconds per century), this does not mean that the planet has stopped rotating completely.