The residents of the Khawlan Mountains in the Jizan region adorn their heads with flowers and aromatic plants known as “Akawa” and pull them into their daily and official traditions as an authentic tradition that has been and has been inherited for hundreds of years Uniforms are a symbolic and tourist identity for southern Saudi Arabia, and there is a large participation of men more than women.
Despite the availability of the most famous brands of French and other European perfumes, these aromatic plants have preserved their value, originality and elegance in the Jazan region, widespread in it and in its bright colors with a fragrant aroma.
While this jewelry is not specific to men, but is more famous among them than women, Dr. Hassan Al-Medri Al-Fifi, a researcher in the Khawlan legacy, in his interview with Al-Arabiya.net: “It is the only jewelry made by men, while women have many manifestations of jewelry, such as that of a woman with a yellow or red rose collars or a mixture of them can be satisfied and they can place the tough cuttings of these flowers between the folds of their clothes to keep their aroma always fragrant. “
He also explained the reason men adorn their heads with flowers: “The people of Khawlan have customs and traditions of leaving hair behind without shaving it for unnecessary reasons such as illness or the like, and because aromatic plants are abundant in the mountains are either in the wild nature or in the built-up pools, they saw the benefit of them because they are rich in color and beautiful aroma. That spreads its aroma in its surroundings, so they shaped it in the form of collars with which they touch their hair, and they call the one stick or gang, and it may have symbolism in the distant past, since these wreaths like that Crowns look like that worn by kings and princes, but they have become a common tradition for people whose purpose is to adorn something that pleases the soul, its smell and its shape “.
He mentioned that the flowers that adorn the collar or “Alakawa” are types: “They don’t take any kind of flowers, so for example they don’t take the flowers from trees that the bees feed on, like the trees of acacias, Seders and the like. They are more likely to take on a strong and long-lasting odor, especially on small plants. They are widespread in their homes and are some of the most famous species: Al-Baitran, Al-Hazab, Al-Shayeh, Al-Sakb, Al-Walla, Al-Fankat, Al-Sanbar, Ain Al-Anak, Al-Rayhan, and Al-Kadi … and tons of different types, and some names may vary from place to place.
While fragrant plants have become a tourist symbol in southern traditional attire lately, Al-Fifi said, “Many people still use them, especially men, while the number of women who wear them has decreased and as long as they are used they remain Some of them grow spontaneously in the wild because of their seeds. “What air and rain bring to the mountains and the wild, and some of them are cultivated by the people in their own ponds. It has been developed and disposed of for commercial and tourist purposes on their own farms. “
Al-Fifi mentions that “Akawa” is usually worn at certain times: “Aromatic plants are always worn as long as they are available. They are the headgear that is left only during sleep and in some cases at heavy person work or home. Holidays such as public holidays, attending folk celebrations, and visits to other areas in response to an official invitation or to discuss some common issues.
As an ornament of the traditional clothing of the Khawlan men, it usually consists of three parts, and al-Fifi said in it: “The men wear a turban which is intricately wrapped over the head, and sometimes its tip is draped over the neck. in addition to the aromatic plants that enter and carry them. The middle is a jacket and below it a piece or two, and many people are occasionally satisfied with the undershirt, or they wear such a rate is put on the shoulder and their aesthetic function, and then it is a replacement cover if the mazar is damaged as it is a cover when the cold, and a mattress or rug for prayer if necessary, then cover the lower part with a button that usually reaches half the leg or a little below and is attached to a belt , in the center of which is a medium-sized knife called a retractor, a hooked dagger called a jaw, or a Yemeni plate called a janbiyya.